Mike Ko Personal Portfolio


Home-School Education
Hong Kong

University of Durham
Bachelor of Science
United Kingdom

2017 - 2018
United Kingdom


Core Subjects

                        In Advanced, my science subjects – Physics, Chemistry, and Biology – remain the focus of my studies. However, at this stage topics are explored at deeper and sometimes more mathematical levels. Apart from textbooks, I have found some free online university lectures on the three science subjects. These reinforce my scientific knowledge from conventional studies. Yet more importantly, I can also watch excellent lectures given by good lecturers. While convenient, it would be even better if one can ask questions and get answers live. On top of these studies, I also allocate time to read additional, related science titles of interest. These offer immediate knowledge on specific areas.


Physics II

Physics   Volume 2                                Cutnell & Johnson                               Wiley ( 7th Ed )

Chapter 19     Electric Potential Energy And The Electric Potential
Chapter 18     Electric Forces And Electric Fields

Physics   Volume 1                                Cutnell & Johnson                               Wiley ( 7th Ed )

Chapter 17     The Principle of Linear Superposition and Interference Phenomena
Chapter 16     Waves and Sound
Chapter 15     Thermodynamics
Chapter 14     The Ideal Gas Law And Kinetic Theory
Chapter 13     The Transfer Of Heat
Chapter 12     Temperature And Heat
Chapter 11     Fluids
Chapter 10     Simple Harmonic Motion And Elasticity
Chapter 9       Rotational Dynamics
Chapter 8       Rotational Kinematics
Chapter 7       Impulse And Momentum
Chapter 6       Work And Energy
Chapter 5       Dynamics Of Uniform Circular Motion
Chapter 4       Forces And Newton’s Laws Of Motion
Chapter 3       Kinematics In Two Dimensions
Chapter 2       Kinematics In One Dimension
Chapter 1       Introduction And Mathematical Concepts

Microsoft – Project Tuva                        Richard Feynman                               BBC TV
The Messenger Series    

7.         Seeking New Laws
6.         Probability and Uncertainty – The Quantum Mechanical View of Nature
5.         The Distinction of Past and Future
4.         Symmetry in Physical Law
3.         The Great Conservation Principles
2.         The Relation of Mathematics and Physics
1.         Law of Gravitation – An Example of Physical Law

On-Line Lectures                                    Richard A. Muller                               UC Berkeley
You Tube - UC Berkeley

21.       Universe II
20.       Universe I
19.       Relativity II
18.       Relativity
17.       Quantum IV
16.       Quantum III
15.       Quantum II
14.       Quantum I
13.       Light II
12.       Light I
11.       Waves II
10.       Waves I
9.         Gravity & Satellites II
8.         Gravity & Satellites
7.         Electricity & Magnetism II
6.         Electricity & Magnetism I
5.         Nukes
4.         Radioactivity II
3.         Radioactivity I
2.         Atoms & Heat II
1.         Atoms & Heat I

Additional Reading : -

From Eternity to Here - The           Sean Carroll                                     Dutton
Quest for the Ultimate Theory
of Time

Quantum Physics:                           Alastair Rae                                      Cambridge U Press ( 2nd Ed ) Illusion Or Reality?

In Search Of The Multiverse          John Gribbin                                     New York: Allen Lane

50 Physics Ideas You Really          Joanne Baker                                     Quercus
Need To Know

When Physics Became King          Iwan Rhys Morus                              U of Chicago Press

Einstein 1905 – The Standard        John Rigden                                       Harvard U  Press
of Greatness

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Chemistry II

Chemistry 3                                                Burrows…                                    Oxford  U  Press
Introducing Inorganic, Organic                                                                       
And Physical Chemistry

Chapter 16     Chemical Equilibrium
Chapter 15     Entropy and Gibbs Energy
Chapter 14     Energy And Thermochemistry
Chapter 13     Molecular Characterization
Chapter 12     Analytical Chemistry
Chapter 11     Molecular Spectroscopy
Chapter 10     Isomerism And Stereochemistry
Chapter 9       The Language Of Organic Chemistry
Chapter 8       Reaction Kinetics
Chapter 7       Gases
Chapter 6       Acids And Bases
Chapter 5       Solids
Chapter 4       Structure And Shape Of Polyatomic Molecules
Chapter 3       Diatomic Molecules
Chapter 2       Atomic Structure And Properties
Chapter 1       Fundamentals

On-Line Lectures                                        Heino Nitsche                              UC Berkeley
You Tube UC Berkeley Lectures              Greg Dallinger

Lectures        36-39  
( No titles specified )

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Biology II

Essential Cell Biology                               Bruce Alberts…                               Garland Science 3rd Ed

Chapter 16     Cell Communication
Chapter 15     Intracellular Compartments And Transport
Chapter 14     Energy Generation In Mitochondria And Chloroplasts
Chapter 13     How Cells Obtain Energy From Food
Chapter 12     Membrane Transport
Chapter 11     Membrane Structure
Chapter 10     Analyzing Genes And Genomes
Chapter 9       How Genes And Genomes Evolve
Chapter 8       Control Of Gene Expression
Chapter 7       From DNA To Protein: How Cells Read The Genome
Chapter 6       DNA Replication, Repair, And Recombination
Chapter 5       DNA And Chromosomes
Chapter 4       Protein Structure And Function
Chapter 3       Energy, Catalysis, And Biosynthesis
Chapter 2       Chemical Components Of Cells
Chapter 1       Introduction To Cells

On-Line Lectures
You Tube – UC Berkeley Lectures                                                                   UC Berkeley

Biology 1B:

24.       Humans and the Environment
23.       Microevolution and Natural Selection
22.       San Francisco Bay
21.       Aquatic Ecosystems
20.       Ecosystems
19.       Island Biogeography
18.       Communities
17.       Ecological Studies
16.       Organism Interaction and Competition
15.       Demography
14.       Dynamics of Population
13.       Population Growth
12.       Control of Onchocerciasis
11.       Recombination, sexual reproduction
10.       Genetic drift and migration – theory
9.         Mutation and selection - theory,
8.         Population Processes – Inheritance
7.         The Tree of Life: Phylogeny
6.         Relevance and History
5.         Angiosperms I
4.         Angiosperms II
3.         Ferns and Gymnosperms
2.         Algae, Mosses, Lower Vascular Plants
1.         Fungi

Biology 1A:

25.       Cell and Tissue dysfunction, Cancer
24.       Excretory system and Kidney Function
23.       Immune System
22.       Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
21.       Digestive System
20.       Developmental strategies and mechan…(isms?)
19.       Fertilization and embryogenisis
18.       Reproductive system – Part II
17.       Reproductive system - Part I
16.       Intercellular and Physiological Com  (2)
15.       Intercellular and Physiological Com
14.       Multi-cellularity: Cell Shape and Function
13.       GMOs and Organismal Cloning
12.       Human Genetics and Epigenetics
11.       Eukaryotic Gene Expression & Regulation
10.       Prokaryotic Gene Regulation
9.         The Genetic Code & Translation
8.         Transcription
7.         Recombination, Linkage & Mapping
6.         Gregor Mendel & 2 of Biology’s 3 Laws
5.         Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycle
4.         Chromosomes, Checkpoints & Cancer
3.         Cell Cycle, Mitosis, & Reproduction
2.         DNA Replication & PCR
1.         I, PCR. Microbial Genetics & Evo

Additional Reading :

The Emperor of All Maladies -        Siddhartha Mukherjee                 Scribner
A Biography of Cancer

Sense And Nonsense:                        Kevin Laland                                 Oxford University Press
Evolutionary Perspectives                Gillian Brown
On Human Behaviour

What Is Life?                                        Lynn Margulis…                          Weidenfeld & Nicholson

The Greatest Show On Earth -          Richard Dawkins                          New York: Free Press
The Evidence For Evolution

The Future Of Life                              Edward Wilson                              Knopf

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                        By Advanced, my approach to Mathematics is mainly to regard it as a precise language of science. To understand in-depth scientific concepts, one must employ the methods of mathematics. So in this period I sought to further increase my mathematical knowledge, especially those useful in science. Quite fortunately, I found some good textbooks with both mathematical and scientific perspectives from the public libraries. These provide an excellent mathematical foundation to facilitate my scientific studies at the entry-levels of university education. Such knowledge shall also help to determine which scientific fields interest me the most as I study.


Mathematics II

Engineering Mathematics                           K. A. Stroud                          Palgrave  ( 6th Ed )

Part II

Programme 3           Hyperbolic Functions
Programme 2            Complex Numbers 2
Programme 1           Complex Numbers 1
Programme 28          Probability
Programme 27          Statistics
Programme 20          Integration Applications 3
Programme 19          Integration Applications 2
Programme 18          Integration Applications 1
Programme 17          Reduction Formulas
Programme 16          Integration 2
Programme 15          Integration 1
Programme 11          Partial Differentiation 2
Programme 10          Partial Differentiation 1
Programme 9            Differentiation Applications 2
Programme 8            Differentiation Applications 1
Programme 7            Differentiation
Programme 6            Vectors

Part I Foundation Topics

Programme 12          Integration
Programme 11          Differentiation
Programme 10          Functions
Programme 9            Binomial Series
Programme 8            Trigonometry
Programme 7            Partial Fractions
Programme 6            Polynomial Equations
Programme 5            Linear Equations and Simultaneous
                                    Linear Equations
Programme 4            Graphs
Programme 3            Expressions and Equations
Programme 2            Introduction To Algebra
Programme 1            Arithmetic

Maths For Chemists  Volume II                 Martin Cockett                      RS.C
Power Series, Complex Numbers
And Linear Algebra

Chapter 2            Numbers Revisited: Complex Numbers
Chapter 5            Vectors
Chapter 3            Working With Arrays I: Determinants
                3.1         Origins: The Solution Of Simultaneous Linear Equation

Maths For Chemists  Volume I                  Martin Cockett                      RS.C
Numbers, Functions And

Chapter 6            Integration
Chapter 4            Differentiation
Chapter 3            Limits
Chapter 2            Functions And Equations: Their Form And Use

Mathematics For Physics                            Michael Woolfson…            Oxford U Press

Chapter 15            Hyperbolic Functions
Chapter 6              Complex Numbers
Chapter 14            Distributions
Chapter 12            Probability And Statistics
Chapter 13           Coordinate Systems And Multiple Integration                                Moments Of Inertia
                               Parallel-Axis Theorem
                               Perpendicular-Axis Theorem
Chapter 5              Integration
Chapter 11            Partial Differentiation
Chapter 4              Differentiation
Chapter 16            Vector Analysis
Chapter 9              Vector Algebra
Chapter 30            Linear Equations
Chapter 1              Useful Formulae And Relationships

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                        Reading magazines has become a source of supplementary, but highly relevant knowledge that I read consistently. In Advanced I read three magazines: TIME, Scientific American, and Science. I have subscribed to all three magazines, as the latter two are unavailable in the public libraries. Yet unlike before, I have adopted a more selective reading approach to magazines in Advanced. Specifically, I only read articles and topics that interest me, regardless of the issue’s date. This approach is quite necessary for magazines like Science, which has numerous reports and other articles. Science’s articles are highly technical, and initially were quite difficult to comprehend. Yet my ability to understand them increased as I grew more accustomed to the styles of scientific literatures.

Magazines II


Date                            Volume/Number      Articles                                                                                                                       

July 29, 2011

July 22, 2011

July 15, 2011

July 8, 2011

July 1, 2011

June 24, 2011

June 17, 2011

June 10, 2011

June 3, 2011

May 27, 2011

May 20, 2011

May 13, 2011

May 6, 2011

April 29, 2011

April 22, 2011

April 15, 2011

April 8, 2011

April 1, 2011

March 25, 2011

March 18, 2011




















9 Billion ?

Are More People Necessarily A Problem ?

The Upside Of Downsizing

Does Family Planning Bring Down Fertility ?

A Pitched Battle Over Life Span

7 Billion And Counting Population Policy In Transition In The Developing World

Facilitating Scientific Investigations And Training Data Scientists

Climate Trends And Global Crop Production Since 1980

Altered Telomeres In Tumors With ATRX And DAXX Mutations

Atmospheric Carbon Injection Linked To End-Triassic Mass Extinction

New NSF Survey Tries To Separate Knowledge And Belief

Chirality In Planar Cell Shape Contributes To Left-Right Asymmetric Epithelial Morphogenesis

Precise Manipulation Of Chrmosomes In Vivo Enables Genome-Wide Codon Replacement

Life At The Top: Rank And Stress In Wild Male Baboons

House Panel Would Kill Webb Space Telescope

European Commission and ERC: ‘Let’s Stay Together’

Sympathy For The CEO

Tubular Transformations

Running With The Red Queen: Host-Parasite Coevlution Selects For Biparental Sex

Isolation Of Single Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells Capable Of Long-Term Multilineage Engraftment

Once On ‘Fast Track’, Avastin Now Derailed

Foreign Researchers Begin To Make Their Mark

Light At The End Of The Radwaste Disposal Tunnel Could be Real

Sex, Death, And The Red Queen

Mechanism Of RAD51-Dependent DNA Interstrand Cross-Link Repair

Lab-On-A-Chip Maker Looks To Put Hong Kong On Biotech Map

Gametogenesis Eliminates Age-Induced Cellular Damage and Resets Life Span In Yeast

‘Origami Engineer’ Flexes to Create Stronger, More Agile Materials

The 2011 Magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake : Mosaicking The Megathrust From Seconds To Centuries

A Molecular Mechanism For Circadian Clock Negative Feedback

Computer Scientists Goes On Offensive To Defend Climate Scientists

Terrestrial Ecosystem Responses To Species Gains And Losses

Methylhydroxycarbene: Tunneling Control Of A Chemical Reaction

Concerns About Arsenic-Laden Bacterium Aired Scaling Up DNA Computation

A Bacterium That Can Grow By Using Arsenic Instead Of Phosphorus

Scaling Up Digital Circuit Computation With DNA Strand Displacement Cascades

Chameleon Magnets Electrically Induced Ferromagnetism At Room Temperature In Cobalt-Doped Titanium Dioxide

Early Warnings Of Regime Shifts: A Whole- Ecosystem Experiment

Fukushima Revives The Low-Dose Debate

New York Reinforces Megaquake’s Harsh Lessons In Geoscience       

Subtropical Rainfall And The Antarctic Ozone Hole

Evolving Large And Complex Brains

Impact Of Polar Ozone Depletion On Subtropical Precipitation

Fossil Evidence On Origin Of The Mammalian Brain

Cold-Trapping Mar’s Atmosphere

The Cost Of Being Male

Massive CO2 Ice Deposits Sequestered In The South Polar Layered Deposits Of Mars

Experimental Evidence Supports A Sex-Specific Selective Sieve In Mitochondrial Genome Evolution

Indigenous Genomics       

Car-Crash Epidemiologist Pushes Systemic Attack On Bad Driving

Twisted Disks

Ancient Neurons Regulate Immunity

Saturn’s Curiously Corrugated C Ring

Neuronal GPCR Controls Innate Immunity By Regulating Noncanonical Unfolded Protein Response Genes

The New Egypt

A Roundup Of The Week’s Top Stories

U.S. Spending Bill Limits Joint Efforts With China

Are Dolphins Too Smart For Captivity ?

Brain Evolution Triggers Increased Diversification Of Electric Fishes

Self-Organizing And Stochastic Behaviors During The Regeneration Of Hair Stem Cells

Revealing The Gammay-Ray Jet In A Black Hole Binary

Polarized Gamma-Bay Emission From The Galactic Black Hole Cygnus X-1

DNA Synthesis Generates Terminal Duplications That Seal End-To-End Chromosome Fusions

Teleportation Of Nonclassical Wave Packets Of Light

The Challenge Of Unconventional Superconductivity

The Electron-Pairing Mechanism Of Iron-Based Superconductors

Rapid Spread Of A Bacterial Symbiont  In An Invasive Whitefly Is Driven By Fitness Benefits And Female Bias

Scientific Consensus On Great Quake Came Too Late Pool At Stricken Reactor #4 Holds Answers To Key

Safety Questions Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis In Humans
With Inborn Errors Of Interleukin-17 Immunity

Cancer Research And The $90 Billion Metaphor Combining Targeted Drugs To Stop Resistant Tumors

Exploring The Genomes Of Cancer Cells: Progress And Promise

Devastation In Japan – Nuclear Power’s Global Fallout

Impacts Of Salmon On Riparian Plant Diversity

Atmospheric PCO2 Pertubations Associated With The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province

Second-Order Selection For Evolvability In A Large Escherichia Coli Population

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Scientific American

Date                            Volume/Number        Articles                                                                                                                     

May 2012

April 2012

March 2012

February 2012

January 2012

December 2011

November 2011

October 2011 

September 2011

August 2011

July 2011

June 2011

May 2011

April 2011

March 2011

February 2011

January 2011

December 2010

November 2010

October 2010

September 2010

August 2010

July 2010

June 2010

May 2010


























Loops, Trees And The Search For New Physics

Triumph Of The Titans

Erasing Painful Memories

Professional Seer

First Of Our Kind

Quantum Gravity In Flatland

Polio’s Last Act

Birth Of A Cold War Vaccine

What Makes Each Brain Unique

The Far, Far Future Of Stars

Gather The Wind

Hit Them With The Hockey Stick

Is Space Digital?

Swept From Africa To The Amazon

Sleeping With The Enemy

Fetal Armor

The Brittle Star’s Apprentice

A New Path To Longevity

The Compass Within

The Patient Scientist

More Food, Less Energy

The Machine That Would Predict The Future

Hidden Switches In The Mind

Ants And The Art Of War

Speaking Out On The “ Quiet Crisis”

The Smallest Astronauts

Thought Experiments

Can We Feed The World And Sustain The Planet ?

The Wipeout Gene

The Truth About Fracking

The Dark Side Of The Milky Way

10 Unsolved Mysteries

A New Ally Against Cancer

Waiting For The Higgs

Actuary Of The Cell


Global Bazaar

Brains Over Buildings

All Climate Is Local

Castles In The Air

Street Talk

Does The Multiverse Really Exist

The False Promise Of Biofuels

Why Math Works

The Limits Of Intelligence

The Last Great Global Warming

Bad Boy Of Physics

Living In A Quantum World

A Nobel Celebration

Inside The Meat Lab

“ I Stick To The Science “

7 Radical Energy Solutions

The Lost Galaxies

The Growing Menace From Superweeds

The Inflation Debate

The Enemy Within

The Orderly Chaos Of Proteins

Food Fight

Diseases In A Dish

Demons, Entropy And The Quest For Absolute Zero

A Shifting Band Of Rain

Not Just An Illness Of The Rich

How To Fix The Obesity Crisis

The Inner Life Of The Genome

A Friend To Aliens

Dawn Of The Deed

Flu Factories

Radioactive Smoke

World Changing Ideas

A Geometric Theory Of Everything

Hallucinogens As Medicine

Long Live The Web

Jane Of The Jungle

Jump-Starting The Orbital Economy

Cyborg Beetles

Dark Worlds

Phosphorus Lake

Dr. Unification

Halting The World’s Most Lethal Parasite

Climate Heretic

How We Are Evolving

Origami Observatory

In Science We Trust

Revolution Postponed

The ( Elusive ) Theory Of Everything

Robot Be Good

Desperate For An Autism Cure

Reinventing The Leaf

Eternal Fascinations With The End

Why Can’t We Live Forever ?         

When Does Life Belong To The Living ?

Dust To Dust

Good Riddance

How Much Is Left ?

Laying Odds On The Apocalypse

Could Time End ?

Planets We Could Call Home


When The Sea Saved Humanity

Robot Pills

Is The Universe Leaking Energy ?

DNA Drugs Come Of Age

The Dirty Truth About Plug-In Hybrids

War Of The Machines

Clean Energy From Filthy Water         

Winged Victory

How Babies Think

The Drillers Are Coming


12 Events That Will Change Everything

Alzheimer’s Forestalling The Darkness         

Is Time An Illusion ?

Washing Carbon Out Of The Air

The Earth’s Missing Ingredient

Through Neutrino Eyes

Your Inner Healers         

Revolutionary Rail

Uncanny Sight In The Blind

Breeding Cassava To Feed The Poor

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Date                               Volume/Number                 Articles                                                                                                         

December 5, 2011

November 28, 2011

November 21, 2011

November 14, 2011

November 7, 2011

October 31, 2011

October 24, 2011

October 17, 2011

October 10, 2011

October 3, 2011

September 26, 2011

September 19, 2011

September 12, 2011

September 5, 2011

August 29, 2011

August 22, 2011

August 15, 2011

August 1-8, 2011

July 25, 2011

July 18, 2011

July 11, 2011

July 4, 2011

June 27, 2011

June 20, 2011

June 13, 2011

June 6, 2011

May 30, 2011

May 23, 2011

May 20, 2011 

May 16, 2011

May 9, 2011

May 2, 2011
































The Unfinished Uprising

Divided They Fall

Psychologist And Nobel-Winning Economist Daniel Kahneman

The Modern Islamist

A Currency Coup

The Wenzhou Effect

The Decline Of Rome

Greece’s Fall

China’s Century – Or India’s?

The War on Coal

The Flames Of Resistance

Free Scotland

The War Against Pathogens

How She Leads

Miracle Worker

Made For China

Civil Union

Polls Apart

Occupied Territories

The Real-Life Thriller

Lessons In Futility

Steve Jobs, 1955-2011

Inside Jobs

An American Genius

What A Collapse Of The Chinese Real Estate Bubble Will Mean For The World

Divine Uncertainty

Green Jobs, Red Ink

When Pills Aren’t Worth The Price

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Joe Klein On The Citizens Vs. The Screamers

Which Way For Palestine ?

Let The Children Play

The Loss Of Logic

The Range Of Rick Perry

God Is My Co-President

Banking On Trouble

While Rome Burns

The Day The Towers Fell

Portraits Of Resilience

Rising Up

Terror’s Half-Life

Safety In Numbers

Skip The Fads. Here’s How To Eat Right

Iraq’s Lessons For Libya

The Arab Summer

Why Somalia Starves

Republican Sage

Facing The Fallout

Nation Builders                      

The Oracle Of Autism ?

Computer Hacker Kevin Mitnick

London Burning

Decline And Fall

Pushing The Boat Out

Stem Cells In The Spotlight

Jane Fonda

Joel Stein’s Pitch For Airlines: A Baby Section

Raw Deal

Tea Party Nation

Diary Of A Nobody

The Berlin Wall At 50

Gloria Steinem

Is Michele Bachmann Ready For The U.S. Presidential Race ?

Former U.S. Senator Alan Simpson

Global Islam

Major Proportions

Less Fire This Time

Building An Emirate

The Very, Very Bad News

The East Is Red, Again

A Hail Mary From The Odd Couple

Joe Klein On How The No-Tax Pledge Took Hold

Sudan In Crisis

Seafood’s Next Wave

Astronaut And Shuttle Veteran Story


Mexico’s Tragedy

The Pessimism Index

The Hacking Epidemic

Green Acres

Sarah Ferguson, Duchess Of York

Help From The North

A Long, Hot Summer

We The Parsers

After The Shock

Renzo Piano

The Challengers

Inside Syria

From Dr. Oz To Mr. Oz

Saying No To Care

Fareed Zakaria Wonders Why Conservatives Lost Touch With Reality

Li Na

The Five Myths Of Economic Recovery

Dollar Politics

After The Arab Spring

Europe’s E.Coli Crisis

Cost Of Admission

Mixed Signals

Best Inventions

Convergence Of Civilizations

Hardwired For Hope

The Pain In Spain

Henry Kissinger

Sex And Power

The Jobs Crisis

How One Job Was Created

Asia’s Drug Zone Gets Up To Speed

All Eyes On Manchester

Friend And Foe

The Double Game

A Republican Democrats Fear

Gaming The GOP Field

Joe Klein On How Obama Could Lose In 2012

“ We’ve ID’d Geronimo”

The President Wins The Present                                                

Reflections At Ground Zero

The Osama I Knew

Al-Qaeda’s Time Is Up

Pomp And Circumstance

What Really Counts

The Princess Diaries

The Odds

Three Weddings And Two Funerals

Inside The FBI’s Terrorist Hunt

America’s House Of Cards

The Fallout

Joseph Stiglitz / Colin Firth / Joe Biden / Katsunobu Sakurai / Michelle Obama / Hu Shuli /Takeshi Kanno / Ai Weiwei / Hillary Clinton /David Cameron / John Lasseter / Xi Jinping /Barack Obama / John Boehner / Derrick Rossi /Charles Chao

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